Forever Families Through Adoption

Adoptive Parents

How Much is it Likely to Cost? / How Long is it Likely to Take?

Obviously, the fewer restrictions you place on your “dream child,” the shorter your wait time will be. A 2006 survey of readers of Adoptive Families magazine indicated that almost 60% of those responding had waited less than 6-months after preparing their personal information for a birth mother match — over 80% of them waited less than a year.

And almost all of the babies involved in those matches were either already born or born within 3 months of the match. Less than a third of the survey respondents had to work with more than one birthmother before successfully adopting.

The domestic adoption process, from orientation meeting to state-mandated post-placement services is estimated to cost between $30,000 and $50,000 plus. Some of the expenses are within your control — for example the amount of money you choose to spend on  advertising to find a birthmother with whom you would like to work — although most are not. We will gladly forward you the Fee Agreement that you will be asked to sign once you decide to move forward with FFTA.

There are a number of ways you can ease the financial burden of adoption. There are loans and grants specifically designed to help families afford the adoption process, and the IRS allows eligible taxpayers a tax credit to offset much of the expense.

Adoption Tax Credit in 2019 per IRS IR-2018-222 which is dated November 15, 2018:

"For taxable years beginning in 2019, under § 23(a)(3) the credit allowed for an adoption of a child with special needs is $14,080. For taxable years beginning in 2019, under § 23(b)(1) the maximum credit allowed for other adoptions is the amount of qualified adoption expenses up to $14,080. The available adoption credit begins to phase out under § 23(b)(2)(A) for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income in excess of $211,160 and is completely phased out for taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income of $251,160 or more. (See section 3.20 for the adjusted items relating to adoption assistance programs)."

Adoptive Families magazine offers a guide to many of the credits, benefits, subsidies and other resources that can ease the financial burden of adoption. In addition, the American Academy of Adoption Attorneys has compiled a list of adoption resources including grants, loan programs, subsidies and general financial information to assist in financing an adoption. Also check out Resources 4 Adoption.

As tax laws change yearly, please be aware that FFTA does not give advice on tax issues. Please contact your financial advisor or CPA regarding any adoption credits or write-offs that you may or may not be eligible for according to the current state or Federal law.

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What's New at FFTA?

Adoption and the Child Tax Credit
With the 2019 tax-filing season underway, a critical issue for families filing for the Child Tax Credit using an Adoption Taxpayer Identification Number (ATIN) has been brought to our attention. As a result of tax law changes made in the 2017 tax reform law (known as the "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act", P.L. 115-97), now only a Social Security Number (SSN) is acceptable for claiming the Child Tax Credit. As a result, the Child Tax Credit cannot be claimed using an ATIN (or any other type of taxpayer identification number other than an SSN).

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